Thyroid Gland Diseases


Thyroid Gland

The thyroid is a small but powerful organ which secretes T3 and T4 hormones to balance our metabolism. The lack or excess of these hormones can cause our metabolism to run faster or slower than normal. If functions slower, it causes such complaints as fatigue, malaise, chills, hair loss, weight gain, menstrual irregularity and even difficulty in conception. Excessive functioning of the thyroid gland is characterized by sudden weight loss, heart palpitations, tremors in the hands, sweating, irritability, muscle weakness, weakness and difficulty in sleeping.


Whether it is a toxic disease which develops associated with functions of thyroid gland or it is hypothyroid which develops with less functioning of the thyroid gland or it is a nodular disease progressing with lumps, all thyroid diseases are called goiter.

Thyroid Cancer

Patients with thyroid cancer usually apply to doctor with the complaints of swelling in the neck or sudden growth of existing goiter, prominence of cervical lymph gland swelling and hoarseness. Thyroid cancers are clinically more aggressive especially below 20 years of age and over 60 years of age. There are main 4 types of thyroid cancer; papillary, follicular, medullary and anaplastic thyroid cancers.

Thyroid Cancer Operation

Treatment of thyroid cancer may be surgery and curative. The technique used in surgical treatment is the removal of the whole thyroid gland, which is called total thyroidectomy. If there is uptake in lymph glands, lymph gland is cleaned with the parts in middle and side parts. In recent years, it is recommended to remove the lymph glands in the middle cervical area routinely whether it is uptake or not.