The most common symptom of breast cancer is the feeling of a painless mass in the breast. However, about 10% of patients feel pain without a mass. Less common symptoms of breast cancer include non-transient changes, thickening, swelling in the breast, irritation or deteriorations in the skin, discharges, abrasion, sensitivity or introversion of the nipple. Breast cancers at early stages, which are easy to be treated, typically do not show any symptoms. Therefore, it is very important for women to apply control programs recommended for early diagnosis of breast cancer. Diagnosis of breast cancer at an early stage significantly increases the number of treatment options, the success of the treatment and the chance of survival. There are three complementary methods that are basically proposed for early diagnosis.
- Self-Examination of Breasts (to be made by the woman herself)
- Clinic Examination (to be made by the doctor)
As a measurement for breast cancer, it is recommended for women over the age of 20 have their own breast controls every month and for women over the age of 40 have clinic breast controls and mammography once a year. However, it is recommended to have at least mammography over the age of 30s as a reference for your further mammography. Many factors such as family history, race, first menstruation age, the number of children determine
Breast Cancer Operations
There are two main surgical interventions in order to treat breast cancer.
1. Partial Mastectomy: It is the operation type where only the cancerous part of the breast is removed. Location and size of the tumor and some other factors determine the amount of breast to be removed.
2. Mastectomy: It is the operation type where the whole breast is removed. Mastectomy has a lot of different types.